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Two wire broadband HF dipole

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MainHF Radio Resource CenterHF AntennasTwo wire broadband HF dipole

Este artículo también está disponible en Español (this article is also available in Spanish).


This article describes the design and simulation of a two wire broadband dipole antenna for the HF band, using the software 4Nec2. The antenna is designed to operate in the full range 3-30 MHz. Acknowledgement to EA4NA for his support in the antenna analysis.

The simulations are focused to obtain the impedance and the radiation patterns of the antenna in this band.


Type: Two wire broadband dipole
Design: Australian
Impedance: 300 ohms
Simulation: 4NEC2 Band: 3-30 MHz

Remarks: Resistive and inductive loads.


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1. Design and antenna modeling.


Fig.1. Two wire broadband 3-30 MHz dipole antenna.


The fig.1 shows the design of the dipole. All the distances are shown in meters. From the feeding point, the structure of each leg can be described as follows:

All the wires are made of copper with a diameter of 1 mm. The eight spacers of the antenna are metallic with a diameter of 12.5 mm. The maximum power applied to the antenna must not exceed 350 W.

The fig.2 shows the antenna modeled with the 4Nec2 software.


Fig.2. Antenna modeled with 4Nec2.


The antenna has an impedance of about 300 ohms at the feeding point, almost in all the 3-30 MHz band. It can be used with a 50 ohms coaxial line with a 4:1 balun.


2. Simulation results.

In this sections the results of the simulations with 4Nec2 are shown: calculated standing wave ratios (SWR) and radiation patterns.


2.1 Standing wave ratios (SWR).

SWR calculations for a characteristic impedance of 300 ohms. In some cases, particularly if the antenna is placed near metallic objects, it is recommended to use an antenna tuner.

The fig.3 shows the results of the simulation for all the 3-30 MHz band, considering a characteristic impedance of 300 ohms.


Fig.3. SWR (300 ohms) in the 3-30 MHz band.


2.2. Radiation patterns.


Fig.4. Radiation pattern at the 80 meters band (3.5 MHz).



Fig.5. Radiation pattern at the 40 meters band (7 MHz).


Fig.6. Radiation pattern at the 20 meters band (14 MHz).


Fig.7. Radiation pattern at the 17 meters band (18 MHz).



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Ismael Pellejero - EA4FSI
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